The reality of blood cancer isn’t restricted to leukemia, as many would think. Instead, Blood Cancer is more of a hematologic form of malignancy, with most versions starting right inside the bone marrow. Blood cancer is a life-threatening condition where blood cells start increasing at an uncontrollable, thereby hampering normal cells’ development and their infection-fighting abilities.
Blood Cancer Types in Detail!!
Before we jump onto the more complex aspects of blood cancer treatment, it is advisable to gander upon the types and complications associated with each:
Probably the most common form of blood cancer, leukemia is all about a massive surge in the number of WBCs. Once the white blood cells start multiplying rapidly, bone marrow’s ability to produce platelets and RBCs significantly drops.
Myeloma or the Kahler’s Disease
In case the plasma cells are affected i.e., the bone marrow produced WBCs, the condition is termed as myeloma. Although rare, this condition can pose dangers to the kidneys and overall immune system.
The cancerous condition that affects the lymphocytes and, eventually, the entire lymphatic system is termed a lymphoma. This form of blood cancer is further segregated into Hodgkin and Non-
Although a detailed cancer diagnosis is necessary to get one step ahead of the condition, it is advisable to keep track of the common symptoms to avoid any delay in identification. Some of the more apparent signs include frequent infections, skin rashes, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, and weakness, often encountered all at once.
Blood Cancer Treatment: Enlisting the available Choices
The prescribed form of treatment is directly related to the type of blood cancer. Besides that, specific oncologists prefer pairing two treatments together to curb the blood cells’ continued growth.
Physicians planning to nip blood cancer in the bud often resort to stem cell transplantation as the primary treatment route. As a part of this blood cancer treatment strategy, healthy blood cells, usually extracted from the bone marrow or blood of a healthy individual, are infused to curb the malignant proliferation.
Better termed as radiotherapy, this form of treatment uses energized x-rays to destroy the cancerous and unhealthy cells. In case an oncologist prefers clubbing treatments together, resorting to radiations before the stem-cell transplant is a more obvious choice.
Anticancer drugs are too combative when hematologic cancer treatment is concerned. Chemotherapy is one such remediation strategy where drugs are directly introduced into the body to stop uncontrollable proliferation.
Apart from the mentioned ones, oncologists also rely on other forms of treatment, with palliative care, immunotherapy, and blood transfusion being a few to name.
Blood cancer projects way more than what meets the eye. While it might look like any other form of malignancy, the caveats, forms, and treatment options are incredibly relevant to the concerned patients’ medical history, general health, gender, and age. Nevertheless, the factors and opportunities mentioned above offer broader insights into the ailment, which might come handy in understanding more about this condition.