In our digestive tract, the esophagus provides the first passage for food to travel. Many problems can occur in this area. A significant issue that results in severe conditions is esophageal cancer.
Esophageal cancer has to be cured in the early stages. The esophagus is the main part that helps in pushing a substance into our stomach. Therefore, if left untreated, esophageal cancer can cause various complications.
With the right treatment, any patient suffering from this disease can be completely cured. Today, you will learn some information about esophageal cancer. This will help you choose the right specialist for this problem.
Brief Introduction To Esophageal Cancer
The esophagus is a long tube that connects our mouth and stomach. Esophageal cancer develops near the inner lining of the esophagus tube. In this disease, healthy cells mutate and harm the entire track. These cancer cells grow rapidly and cause pain and discomfort. Additionally, the affected cells can also spread to other parts of the body.
Causes of Esophageal Cancer
Different factors can cause esophageal cancer. However, there is no exact proof of why this problem persists. We have listed some of the reasons below:
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Acid reflux can damage the esophagus cells. Such disorder can develop due to various reasons like anxiety, IBS, and intake of chemical substances. Eating unhealthy food at irregular intervals can also increase GERD symptoms.
- Drinking Alcohol
Alcohol has been found to cause many gastric issues. Drinking excessively damages not only the liver but also the internal lining of the digestive system. One should stop drinking immediately if any cancer symptoms occur.
This is one of the primary reasons for cancer in many individuals. In the smoking process, the chemicals travel directly into our mouths and lungs. These chemicals decrease our immunity and also deform the structure of cell’s DNA. Therefore, this is a bad habit that must be avoided.
- Family History of Cancer
Some genetic disorders can also promote cancer. If your family had any incident of this disease, then do consult with your doctor.
Low metabolic rate, weak immunity, and high susceptibility to diseases are some of the issues caused by obesity. In addition to that, being overweight reduces the possibility of recovering from any medical condition. Hence, it is advised to live a fit and healthy life.
Certain Medications For Esophageal Cancer
Some medicines and radiation therapies for other cancer diseases have been shown to increase esophageal cancer cells. Please, consult your doctor before taking such medicines.
- Pain or discomfort while swallowing food
- Wheezing sound and coughing blood
- Sudden weight loss
- Burning sensation in the chest area
- Feeling pressure on the back and near the throat
How To Diagnosis and Cure This Cancer?
- General Questioning
The physician may ask several questions regarding any lifestyle changes and habits. A physical examination is also performed using tools like a stethoscope and mouth mirror.
- A Digital Study Using Barium
Barium is given to the patient for studying the organs. This substance highlights the internal parts of the body. Furthermore, the targeted area is displayed on a screen using X-rays.
- Intrusive Examination
Endoscopy is performed on the patient. This procedure requires a long tube with a small video camera. The output live image is displayed on a monitor.
In this process, a tissue sample is taken from the esophagus. The sample is sent to a lab for further testing. It is done to find any abnormalities in the cell structure.
- Obstruction Removal
Esophageal cancer can obstruct the walls of the esophagus. Due to this, the patient would not be able to eat or drink properly. Therefore, it is the first step to remove any blockage from the tube.
In this procedure, an extensive amount of chemicals is given to the patient. These chemicals stop the growth of cancer cells. Usually, it is not a painful process.
- Radiation Therapy
The radiation therapies have shown positive results in the treatment of cancer patients. In this process, strong energy beams are targeted on the mutated cells. These radiation rays can kill any living cell. That is why the complete process is performed under expert supervision.
Some medicines can cure esophageal cancer in the early stages. These drugs clear the pathway and reduce the growth of cancer cells. A few of these medicines are also given for improving immunity and reducing inflammation or pain.
This is the only option for removing a large tumor or cancer tissue. A surgeon will perform an intrusive procedure to remove the affected area. Though, in Stage IV cancer, many other procedures are also performed to cure this disease.
How To Find a Specialist?
Several doctors offer treatment and lung cancer screening in Singapore. All the procedures are conducted in a certified medical center. Just make an appointment with an Esophageal cancer specialist in Singapore.
Image Source – MPR